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Knee Injury: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

A knee injury can happen to anyone and can affect different parts of the knee joint, including the ligaments, tendons, bones, cartilage, and muscles. Here are some of the most common knee injuries:

Knee Injury: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

What are the types of knee injuries?

1. Kneecap fracture

A kneecap fracture is the break of the bone located on the front of the knee joint. It can happen due to a fall, car accident, or weak bones caused by osteoporosis.

2. Dislocation of the kneecap

A dislocation of the kneecap occurs when the triangular bone that covers the front of your knee (patella) slides, usually towards the outside of your knee. The kneecap may stay displaced in some cases, causing visible dislocation.

3. Ligament injury

Ligament injury can happen in any of the three areas of the knee joint and can be quite painful. The knee has ligaments on the external and internal sides as well as between the outer and inner parts.

4. Meniscus tear

The meniscus is a cushion-like structure between the upper and lower parts of the leg. It absorbs pressure when you run, jump, or land on something. When this cartilage tears, less force can be absorbed, causing pain until the tissue repairs.

What are the signs and symptoms of knee injury?

Pain and swelling are the most common signs of knee injury. Other symptoms may include:

  • Limited mobility

  • Stiffness

  • Tenderness or bruising

  • Cracking or popping sounds

  • Inability to bear weight

How can you prevent knee injury?

While some knee injuries cannot be prevented, here are some steps you can take to reduce your risk of knee injury:

  • Strengthen your leg muscles

  • Maintain a healthy weight

  • Wear proper footwear for physical activities

  • Warm-up before exercise or sports

  • Use knee pads or braces for extra support


Knee injury is a common problem that can affect different parts of the knee joint. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, limited mobility, stiffness, and tenderness. While some injuries cannot be prevented, taking steps to maintain a healthy weight, strengthen leg muscles, and use proper equipment can help reduce the risk of knee injury.

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